A. Brief Overview of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh, situated in the southeastern part of India, is a state with a rich history, vibrant culture, and diverse landscapes. Bordered by Telangana, Karnataka, Odisha, and Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh is known for its coastal areas, ancient monuments, and mouth-watering cuisine.
B. Significance of Andhra Pradesh in Indian History and Culture
With a history dating back to ancient times, Andhra Pradesh has been a cradle of civilization and a witness to various dynasties and empires. The state’s cultural contributions, especially in the realms of dance, music, and literature, have left an indelible mark on Indian heritage. From the grandeur of the Vijayanagara Empire to the serenity of Buddhist stupas in Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh’s historical significance is profound.
C. Purpose of the Blog Post: To Delve into the Diverse Aspects of Andhra Pradesh
This blog post aims to unravel the layers of Andhra Pradesh, exploring its cultural diversity, culinary treasures, natural beauty, and economic growth. By delving into various facets, we seek to showcase the unique charm and significance that Andhra Pradesh holds in the tapestry of India.
II. Historical Perspective
A. Ancient History and Archaeological Sites
1. Amaravati and its Buddhist Heritage
Amaravati, with its ancient Buddhist relics and stupas, stands testament to the state’s rich cultural and religious history. The site is a captivating journey into the past, offering insights into the evolution of art and architecture.
2. Historical Significance of Vijayawada
Vijayawada, a city with a storied past, has played a crucial role in the historical narrative of Andhra Pradesh. From medieval fortifications to colonial influences, Vijayawada reflects the transitions that have shaped the state.
B. Medieval Period and the Rule of the Vijayanagara Empire
1. Influence on Art, Architecture, and Culture
The Vijayanagara Empire, one of the greatest in South Indian history, left an indelible mark on Andhra Pradesh. The architectural marvels and cultural influences of this empire continue to resonate through the centuries.
2. Legacy of the Vijayanagara Rulers
Exploring the legacy of the Vijayanagara rulers offers a glimpse into a golden era of prosperity, artistic brilliance, and cultural synthesis that defined Andhra Pradesh during that period.
Stay tuned for the subsequent parts of this blog series, where we’ll delve into the cultural diversity, culinary delights, natural beauty, economic growth, tourist attractions, and future prospects of Andhra Pradesh.
II. Historical Perspective
A. Ancient History and Archaeological Sites
1. Amaravati and Its Buddhist Heritage
Amaravati, situated on the banks of the Krishna River, holds a significant place in Andhra Pradesh’s ancient history. The site is renowned for its Buddhist heritage, boasting a rich collection of stupas and monasteries dating back to the 3rd century BCE. The Great Stupa of Amaravati, adorned with intricate carvings depicting scenes from the life of Buddha, stands as a testament to the region’s deep-rooted connection with Buddhism. The archaeological excavations in Amaravati have unveiled a treasure trove of ancient artifacts, sculptures, and inscriptions, providing invaluable insights into the cultural and religious practices of the time.
2. Historical Significance of Vijayawada
Nestled on the northern bank of the Krishna River, Vijayawada has a storied past that traces back to the 2nd century BCE. The city’s name itself means “Land of Victory,” reflecting its historical importance. Over the centuries, Vijayawada has served as a vital center for trade and commerce, connecting northern and southern India. The Kanaka Durga Temple, perched atop the Indrakeeladri Hill, stands as a symbol of the city’s religious and cultural heritage. The historical significance of Vijayawada is further accentuated by its role in various kingdoms and empires that have ruled the region.
B. Medieval Period and the Rule of the Vijayanagara Empire
1. Influence on Art, Architecture, and Culture
The medieval period in Andhra Pradesh witnessed the ascendancy of the Vijayanagara Empire, one of the most influential South Indian empires. Under the rule of Krishnadevaraya, the empire experienced a cultural renaissance marked by flourishing art, architecture, and literature. The architectural marvels of Hampi, the capital of Vijayanagara, showcase the empire’s grandeur. Intricate carvings on temples, majestic structures like the Virupaksha Temple and the Vittala Temple, and the iconic Stone Chariot stand as testaments to the empire’s contribution to South Indian art and architecture.
2. Legacy of the Vijayanagara Rulers
The Vijayanagara rulers left an enduring legacy that continues to shape the cultural fabric of Andhra Pradesh. Their patronage of literature and fine arts contributed to the development of Telugu literature, with notable works like “Amuktamalyada” by Krishnadevaraya. The empire’s emphasis on religious tolerance fostered a harmonious blend of Hindu traditions and influences from other cultures. The legacy of the Vijayanagara Empire is not confined to the pages of history but resonates in the cultural practices, festivals, and artistic expressions that endure in Andhra Pradesh today.
This exploration of Andhra Pradesh’s historical perspective provides a glimpse into the ancient roots and medieval grandeur that have shaped the region’s rich heritage.
III. Cultural Diversity
A. Languages and Dialects Spoken
Andhra Pradesh boasts a rich linguistic tapestry with Telugu being the official language. Additionally, the state is home to several other languages and dialects, reflecting its diverse cultural heritage. Some notable linguistic variations include Telangana Telugu, Rayalaseema Telugu, and Gadwal among others.
B. Traditional Dance Forms and Music
1. Kuchipudi Dance
Introduction to Kuchipudi:
Kuchipudi, a classical dance form with roots in Andhra Pradesh, is a captivating blend of dance, drama, and music. It originated in the village of Kuchipudi and has evolved into a highly stylized and expressive art form.
- Expressive facial expressions (Abhinaya)
- Intricate footwork and body movements
- Fusion of drama and dance elements
- Traditional costumes, including vibrant sarees for female performers
Renowned Kuchipudi Exponents:
Prominent Kuchipudi dancers like Yamini Reddy and Shantala Shivalingappa have earned international acclaim, contributing to the global recognition of this art form.
2. Carnatic Music
Introduction to Carnatic Music:
Carnatic music, deeply rooted in South Indian traditions, flourishes in Andhra Pradesh. This classical music form is characterized by its melodic structure, intricate rhythm patterns, and devotional themes.
- Emphasis on improvisation (raga alapana)
- Complex rhythmic patterns (tala)
- Varied compositions ranging from devotional to secular themes
Renowned Carnatic musicians like M. Balamuralikrishna and N. Ravikiran have significantly contributed to the promotion and preservation of Carnatic music in Andhra Pradesh.
C. Festivals and Celebrations
Significance of Ugadi:
Ugadi, the Telugu New Year, marks the beginning of a new lunar calendar. It is celebrated with great enthusiasm, symbolizing the triumph of light over darkness.
Traditional Customs and Rituals:
- Panchanga Sravanam (reading of almanac)
- Preparing and sharing Ugadi Pachadi, a special dish with six tastes representing various aspects of life
Homes are adorned with mango leaves, and people come together to participate in cultural events, exchange festive greetings, and enjoy traditional dishes.
Sankranti, a harvest festival, holds immense cultural importance in Andhra Pradesh. It is a time for joyous festivities, cultural programs, and feasting.
The highlight of Sankranti is the preparation of Pongal, a special dish made with newly harvested rice, jaggery, and other ingredients. The dish is often cooked outdoors, symbolizing communal harmony.
Colorful Kite Festival:
Sankranti is also known for the vibrant kite-flying competitions that fill the sky with a myriad of colors. Families and friends gather on rooftops to participate in or witness these lively contests.
In conclusion, the cultural diversity of Andhra Pradesh is a harmonious blend of languages, dance forms, music, and celebrations, reflecting the vibrant and dynamic spirit of the state.
IV. Culinary Delights
A. Introduction to Andhra Cuisine
Andhra Pradesh boasts a rich culinary heritage that reflects the state’s diverse cultural influences and agricultural abundance. With a perfect blend of spicy, tangy, and aromatic flavors, Andhra cuisine has carved its niche in the gastronomic landscape of India.
B. Iconic Dishes
1. Andhra Chicken Curry
Andhra Chicken Curry is a spicy and flavorful dish that exemplifies the bold tastes of the region. Known for its fiery red color and intense spice level, this curry combines marinated chicken with a unique blend of Andhra spices. The curry is often enriched with the distinctive taste of curry leaves, tamarind, and mustard seeds, creating a symphony of flavors that tantalize the taste buds.
Best enjoyed with steamed rice or traditional Andhra staple, ‘ghee rice,’ this dish is a must-try for those seeking an authentic Andhra culinary experience.
2. Hyderabadi Biryani
While Hyderabadi Biryani is synonymous with the neighboring state of Telangana, it has found a special place in Andhra Pradesh’s culinary repertoire. This aromatic and flavorful rice dish combines basmati rice, marinated meat (often chicken or mutton), and a blend of exquisite spices. Slow-cooked in layers, the biryani is infused with saffron and garnished with fried onions and fresh mint, creating a mouthwatering melange of tastes and textures.
Accompany the Hyderabadi Biryani with raita (yogurt with spices) and mirchi ka salan (chili curry) for a complete and indulgent dining experience.
3. Gongura Pachadi (Sorrel Leaves Chutney)
Gongura Pachadi is a tangy and spicy chutney made from gongura leaves (sorrel leaves). The leaves are sautéed with mustard seeds, fenugreek seeds, red chilies, and garlic, creating a vibrant and flavorful condiment. This unique chutney adds a burst of flavor to any meal, and its distinct tartness makes it a popular accompaniment in Andhra households.
Gongura Pachadi pairs exceptionally well with hot steamed rice and ghee, enhancing the overall dining experience with its bold and refreshing taste.
C. Unique Culinary Traditions and Influences
Andhra Pradesh’s culinary landscape is shaped by a myriad of influences, including:
1. Geographical Diversity
The coastal regions of Andhra Pradesh contribute to a seafood-rich cuisine, featuring dishes like Royyala Iguru (prawn curry) and Chepala Pulusu (fish curry). In contrast, the Rayalaseema region is known for its spicy non-vegetarian delicacies, such as Rayalaseema Kodi Kura (chicken curry).
2. Ancient Culinary Practices
Andhra Pradesh preserves age-old culinary practices, such as the use of traditional cooking vessels like ‘Uruli’ for preparing special dishes. These practices not only add a cultural dimension to the cuisine but also contribute to the unique flavors of Andhra dishes.
3. Vegetarian Delights
While Andhra cuisine is celebrated for its non-vegetarian offerings, it equally excels in vegetarian dishes. Dal with drumstick leaves (Munakkaya Pappu), Gutti Vankaya Kura (stuffed brinjal curry), and Bendakaya Pulusu (okra stew) showcase the diversity and richness of Andhra vegetarian fare.
In conclusion, Andhra Pradesh’s culinary treasures extend beyond the realm of spice, offering a delightful journey through diverse flavors, textures, and cultural influences. Whether savoring the boldness of Andhra Chicken Curry, indulging in the aromatic Hyderabadi Biryani, or relishing the tangy notes of Gongura Pachadi, exploring Andhra cuisine is an adventure for the senses.
V. Natural Beauty
A. Geographic Diversity
1. Coastal Areas
Andhra Pradesh boasts a stunning coastline stretching along the Bay of Bengal, offering a diverse range of coastal landscapes. From the bustling ports to serene beaches, the coastal areas are a visual treat for nature enthusiasts and beach lovers alike.
The state is home to pristine beaches such as Vizag Beach, Rishikonda Beach, and Bheemunipatnam Beach. Each beach has its unique charm, offering a perfect blend of relaxation and adventure with water sports and cultural experiences.
Explore the enchanting mangrove ecosystems, particularly in regions like Krishna and Godavari deltas. The intricate network of mangroves provides a habitat for diverse marine life and serves as a crucial ecological balance.
2. Eastern Ghats and Hill Stations
Nestled in the Eastern Ghats, Andhra Pradesh boasts picturesque hill stations that provide a welcome escape from the coastal heat. The Eastern Ghats offer a haven for biodiversity and a serene environment for those seeking tranquility.
Known for its lush greenery, coffee plantations, and tribal culture, Araku Valley is a mesmerizing hill station. The journey to Araku by train, passing through tunnels and bridges, is an adventure in itself, providing breathtaking views.
Situated at a higher altitude, Horsley Hills offers a cooler climate and stunning viewpoints. The undulating landscapes are dotted with dense forests, making it an ideal destination for trekking and nature walks.
B. Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks
Andhra Pradesh is home to several wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, preserving the rich biodiversity of the region.
Kolleru Lake Bird Sanctuary
A haven for bird watchers, Kolleru Lake Bird Sanctuary is one of the largest freshwater lakes in India. Thousands of migratory birds flock here, creating a mesmerizing spectacle for nature enthusiasts.
Sri Venkateswara National Park
Located in the Eastern Ghats, this national park is renowned for its diverse flora and fauna. The lush greenery and waterfalls contribute to the park’s scenic beauty, while the varied wildlife includes Indian elephants, leopards, and endemic bird species.
C. Scenic Landscapes and Picturesque Locations
Andhra Pradesh is adorned with captivating landscapes that capture the essence of its natural beauty.
Situated in the Chittoor district, Talakona Waterfalls is the highest waterfall in Andhra Pradesh. Surrounded by dense forests, it offers a refreshing escape and an opportunity to relish the serenity of nature.
Cruising through the Papikondalu range along the Godavari River is a surreal experience. The hills, river, and lush greenery create a picturesque panorama, making it a popular destination for river cruises and trekking.
In conclusion, Andhra Pradesh’s natural beauty, from its diverse coastal areas to the Eastern Ghats and captivating landscapes, provides a kaleidoscope of experiences for nature lovers and adventure seekers alike. Explore the state’s varied ecosystems and immerse yourself in the breathtaking scenery that defines this region.
VI. Economic and Technological Hub
A. Growth and Development in Recent Years
Andhra Pradesh has witnessed remarkable economic growth and development in recent years, positioning itself as a key player in India’s economic landscape. This section explores the various facets of the state’s progress and the factors contributing to its economic upswing.
1. Infrastructure Development
- Transportation: Upgrades in road networks, ports, and airports facilitating smoother connectivity.
- Smart Cities: Initiatives to develop smart cities, enhancing urban infrastructure and quality of life.
2. Policy Reforms
- Ease of Doing Business: Implementation of business-friendly policies to attract investments.
- Land Reforms: Measures to simplify land acquisition processes, promoting industrial development.
3. Agricultural Transformation
- Technological Integration: Introduction of modern agricultural practices and technology.
- Diversification: Shift from traditional crops to high-value crops for increased revenue.
B. Information Technology (IT) and Business Sectors
Andhra Pradesh has emerged as a hub for Information Technology and various business sectors, fostering innovation and contributing significantly to the state’s economic growth.
1. IT Corridor in Visakhapatnam
- Sunrise IT City: A major IT hub in Visakhapatnam, attracting leading IT companies.
- Incubation Centers: Facilities supporting startups and fostering entrepreneurial spirit.
2. Business Parks and Special Economic Zones (SEZs)
- Amaravati Capital City: Development of business districts and SEZs in the state’s capital.
- IT Investment Region (ITIR): Planned zones to boost IT investments and employment.
3. Start-up Ecosystem
- Incentives: Government initiatives offering incentives and support to startups.
- Collaborations: Collaboration with educational institutions for research and development.
C. Industrial and Economic Contributions to India
Andhra Pradesh’s industrial and economic contributions play a pivotal role in shaping the nation’s economic landscape, contributing to various sectors.
1. Manufacturing and Industries
- Automobile Manufacturing: Presence of major automobile manufacturing units.
- Pharmaceuticals: Growing pharmaceutical industry with numerous manufacturing units.
2. Renewable Energy
- Solar Power Projects: Emphasis on renewable energy with large-scale solar power projects.
- Wind Energy: Utilization of wind energy for sustainable power generation.
3. Economic Impact
- GDP Contribution: Andhra Pradesh’s substantial contribution to India’s Gross Domestic Product.
- Employment Opportunities: Generation of employment opportunities across diverse sectors.
Andhra Pradesh’s evolution into an economic and technological hub reflects its commitment to progress and innovation. The strategic focus on IT, business sectors, and sustainable development has not only enhanced the state’s economic standing but also contributed significantly to India’s overall growth trajectory. As the state continues to embrace technological advancements and economic reforms, it remains a beacon of opportunity for investors, businesses, and entrepreneurs alike.
VII. Tourist Attractions
A. Famous Landmarks and Monuments
Charminar, a quintessential symbol of Hyderabad, stands as a majestic monument steeped in history and architectural brilliance. Built in 1591 by Quli Qutb Shah, the fifth ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, Charminar is a masterpiece that reflects the rich cultural amalgamation of the Deccan region.
Architecture and Design
The monument is a square structure with four grand arches, each facing a cardinal direction. At the center, there is a four-story minaret with a mosque on the top floor. The intricate stucco decorations and the use of granite and limestone add to its grandeur.
Charminar has become synonymous with the city of Hyderabad and is a bustling hub of activity. The surrounding area, known as the Charminar market, is a vibrant shopping district where visitors can immerse themselves in the local culture, shop for traditional bangles, textiles, and pearls.
2. Tirumala Venkateswara Temple
Perched atop the lush green hills of Tirumala, the Venkateswara Temple is one of the holiest and most visited pilgrimage sites in India. Dedicated to Lord Venkateswara, a form of Lord Vishnu, the temple draws millions of devotees from across the globe.
Architecture and Spiritual Aura
The temple is a stunning example of Dravidian architecture, adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures. The ‘Gopuram’ at the entrance is a monumental tower that captivates pilgrims with its ornate details. The temple’s sanctum sanctorum houses the awe-inspiring deity, and the spiritual aura envelops the entire complex.
Devotees undertake a challenging yet spiritually rewarding trek or opt for vehicular transport to reach the hill shrine. The temple’s unique practices, such as the ‘Laddu’ offering and the ‘Darshan’ ceremony, contribute to the distinctive pilgrimage experience.
B. Beaches and Resorts
Andhra Pradesh boasts a picturesque coastline with pristine beaches and luxurious resorts that offer a perfect blend of relaxation and recreation.
R.K. Beach (Ramakrishna Beach)
R.K. Beach in Visakhapatnam (Vizag) is a sprawling shoreline renowned for its scenic beauty and vibrant atmosphere. The beach is adorned with statues, parks, and a submarine museum, making it an ideal spot for a leisurely day by the sea.
For those seeking adventure, Rushikonda Beach is a haven for water sports enthusiasts. The golden sands and clear waters create a serene backdrop for activities like windsurfing and jet-skiing.
The Park Visakhapatnam
Nestled along the coastline, The Park Visakhapatnam offers a luxurious retreat with panoramic views of the Bay of Bengal. The resort combines modern amenities with the tranquility of the sea, providing guests with a rejuvenating experience.
Novotel Visakhapatnam Varun Beach
Situated on the shores of Varun Beach, Novotel Visakhapatnam Varun Beach is a five-star resort offering lavish accommodations and world-class facilities. The infinity pool overlooking the sea and the fine dining options make it a sought-after destination for a lavish getaway.
C. Religious Pilgrimage Sites
Andhra Pradesh is dotted with religious sites that hold immense spiritual significance, attracting pilgrims from different corners of the country.
Srisailam, located on the banks of the Krishna River, is home to the Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga, one of the twelve sacred Jyotirlingas dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple complex, surrounded by lush forests, creates a serene and divine atmosphere.
The journey to Srisailam involves a scenic drive through the Nallamala Hills. Pilgrims partake in rituals and prayers, and the temple’s sacred vibe is enhanced by the sound of ringing bells and chanting devotees.
Kanaka Durga Temple
Situated on the banks of the Krishna River in Vijayawada, the Kanaka Durga Temple is dedicated to Goddess Kanaka Durga. The temple’s location enhances the spiritual experience, with devotees seeking blessings against the backdrop of the flowing river.
Festivals and Celebrations
The temple comes alive during the annual Navratri festival when the grand celebrations and processions attract a multitude of devotees. The vibrant atmosphere and religious fervor make it a must-visit destination for spiritual seekers.
This detailed exploration of Andhra Pradesh’s famous landmarks, beaches, resorts, and religious pilgrimage sites provides readers with a comprehensive understanding of the diverse attractions the state has to offer. Whether one is interested in historical monuments, serene beaches, or spiritual experiences, Andhra Pradesh has something for every type of traveler.
VIII. Challenges and Future Prospects
A. Socio-economic Challenges Faced by Andhra Pradesh
1. Agricultural Distress:
- Description: The state grapples with challenges in the agricultural sector, including water scarcity, outdated farming techniques, and crop failures.
- Impact: Farmer distress and economic instability in rural areas.
2. Unemployment and Skill Gap:
- Description: High unemployment rates and a widening gap between job opportunities and the skills possessed by the workforce.
- Impact: Social unrest and underutilization of human resources.
3. Infrastructure Deficit:
- Description: Inadequate infrastructure in some regions, hindering economic development and connectivity.
- Impact: Impaired economic growth and limited access to basic amenities.
B. Initiatives for Sustainable Development
1. Water Conservation Programs:
- Description: Implementation of water conservation and management programs to address agricultural water scarcity.
- Impact: Increased agricultural productivity and improved water resource sustainability.
2. Skill Development Initiatives:
- Description: Promoting skill development programs to bridge the gap between industry requirements and available skills.
- Impact: Enhanced employability and a skilled workforce contributing to economic growth.
3. Renewable Energy Projects:
- Description: Embracing renewable energy sources like solar and wind to reduce dependency on non-renewable resources.
- Impact: Sustainable energy practices and a reduction in environmental impact.
C. Vision for the Future and Ongoing Projects
1. Amravati – The Capital City Project:
- Description: Development of a new capital city, Amravati, with modern infrastructure and amenities.
- Impact: Positioning Andhra Pradesh as a hub for economic and administrative activities.
2. Integrated Coastal Corridor:
- Description: Ongoing project for the development of an integrated coastal corridor to boost maritime trade and tourism.
- Impact: Economic development and increased connectivity with coastal regions.
3. Digital Transformation Initiatives:
- Description: Embracing digital technologies to enhance governance, education, and healthcare.
- Impact: Improved service delivery, increased efficiency, and a tech-savvy society.
Andhra Pradesh faces socio-economic challenges, but the state is proactively addressing these issues through sustainable development initiatives and visionary projects. By focusing on water conservation, skill development, and renewable energy, Andhra Pradesh is laying the groundwork for a prosperous and sustainable future. Ongoing projects such as the development of Amravati and the Integrated Coastal Corridor exemplify the state’s commitment to growth, connectivity, and digital transformation. Through these efforts, Andhra Pradesh is poised to emerge as a beacon of progress in India.
A. Recap of Andhra Pradesh’s Rich Heritage and Diversity
Andhra Pradesh stands as a testament to India’s rich tapestry of history, culture, and natural beauty. From the ancient ruins of Amaravati to the architectural marvels of the Vijayanagara Empire, the state echoes with the whispers of a glorious past. The cultural diversity, expressed through various languages, traditional dance forms like Kuchipudi, and vibrant festivals, creates a vibrant mosaic that defines the identity of Andhra Pradesh.
As we journeyed through the historical timelines, we discovered the medieval influences of the Vijayanagara rulers, leaving an indelible mark on art, architecture, and the very fabric of daily life. The state’s cultural heritage isn’t merely a relic of the past; it’s a living, breathing entity that continues to evolve and shape the identity of its people.
B. Invitation to Explore and Experience the Wonders of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh is more than just a geographical location; it’s an experience waiting to unfold. The culinary delights, with iconic dishes like Andhra chicken curry and Hyderabadi biryani, beckon food enthusiasts to embark on a gastronomic journey. The natural beauty, from the coastal areas to the Eastern Ghats, offers a visual feast for nature lovers.
Moreover, Andhra Pradesh’s role as an economic and technological hub showcases its dynamic spirit and forward-thinking approach. The state has become an integral part of India’s growth story, contributing significantly to the information technology and industrial sectors.
As we conclude our exploration, we extend an invitation to all wanderers, history buffs, foodies, and those seeking a blend of tradition and modernity. Come, explore the beaches, relish the diverse cuisine, witness the cultural extravaganza, and immerse yourself in the captivating landscapes. Andhra Pradesh welcomes you with open arms, promising an unforgettable journey through its wonders.
Let the echoes of history guide you, the flavors of the cuisine enthrall you, and the beauty of the landscapes captivate you. Uncover the secrets of Andhra Pradesh, a state that seamlessly weaves the past, present, and future into a tapestry of experiences waiting to be embraced.
- Andhra Pradesh Tourism Official Website
- Archaeological Survey of India – Andhra Pradesh
- Andhra Pradesh Economic Development Board
- Andhra Pradesh IT&C Department
- Andhra Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation
- Andhra Pradesh State Portal